1 I am aware that the waiter to diner relationship is often formal or distant.
2 I am aware that tipping is not required, is usually a small sum of money, and may occur in situations such as restaurants, supermarkets, barber shop, etc.
3 I am aware that most restaurants allow you to seat yourself.
4 I am aware that having many TV’s in a restaurant or bar is not very common.
5 I am aware that restaurants offer fewer menu items, emphasizing a couple of daily specials that are less expensive than other dishes.
6 I am aware that making reservations (restaurants, events, hotels) is not very common, and is not always possible.


1 I am aware that it is typical to eat meals at home around the table with family, staying for a time afterward to converse (sobremesa).
2 I am aware that it is not common to watch TV or read the newspaper during a family meal.
3 I am aware that daily meal structure differs by region: for example, in Spain it is typical to have desayuno (breakfast), café (coffee and a small late morning snack), almuerzo (a small meal around 12:00PM), comida (a larger meal around 2:00 or 3:00PM), merienda (a late afternoon snack) and cena (a modest dinner around 10:00PM); in most Latin American countries it is more common to have 3 meals: desayuno (morning), almuerzo (noon) or comida (2:00PM) y cena (7:00PM), a time for tea or coffee, and little or no other snacking.
4 I am aware that in Spain,  after la comida (2:00-3:00 p.m.) still some people take la siesta, which is time to rest or to take a short nap, especially in smaller cities and towns.
5 I am aware that many people in big cities do not have time to go back home for the main meal of the day (almuerzo/comida) and eat in a place near their jobs.
6 I am aware that it is typical to wish others “buen provecho” while they are eating or afterward.


1 I am aware that most prefer to buy food items at the market from small, specialized stores, and at the weekly farmer’s market, though supermarkets exist in larger cities.
2 I am aware that it is common to haggle for a lower price.
3 I am aware that purchases in open markets often include an informal bonus (i.e. If you buy a kilo of oranges, the vendor may add an extra for free, “ñapa” or “yapa“)
4 I am aware that in many Spanish-speaking countries bread is bought daily, rather than once a week, while fruits and vegetables are often bought at a weekly market (mercado, tianguis, etc.)


1 I am aware that portions are generally smaller and less calorie-rich than in the US (ex. smaller servings, bread rolls are not buttered, etc.).
2 I am aware that desserts are generally less sweet and smaller, or often consist of fruit, which is less expensive than processed foods.
3 I am aware that each country and region has its own typical foods, some of which are spicy or have spicy condiments added.
4 I am aware that it is common to have a spicy sauce (or salsa), bread/tortilla/arepa and vinager oil/salt & pepper on the table during meals.
5 I am aware that fruits and vegetables are a significant part of a regular diet, and are easily affordable, specially in Latin America.
6 I am aware that it is more common to drink fruit juices or other typical drinks such as horchata or agua de frutas instead of soda.

Recursos auténticos:

La familia” de Pimpinela, (video);  Lyrics
Comida de la Argentina (CulturaFolio)
Comidas de Bolivia (CulturaFolio)
Comida de México (CulturaFolio)
Análisis de menús (hoja de práctica)
Practice Quiz (2 menus from México, decide)
Quiz (2 menus from México, decide)
Menús de Bolivia (Search)
Pirámide Alimenticia (2:31)
El plato del buen comer para niños (2:57)
Jarra del buen beber para niños (2:53)
Tianguis (México), economía familiar (9:42)
Mercado internacional de Madrid (2:59)
Día de tianguis (10:23)
TV Azteca les compra comida a 20 personas en el mercado (4:42)
Paloquemao (mercado de Bogotá) (4:11)
8 hábitos saludables (6:22)
10 hábitos saludables (0:57)
6 consejos para mantener la salud mental (1:17)
La buena salud (artículo)
11 pasos para vivir una vida saludable (artículo)
Valores calóricos de platos típicos (texto)
Ventajas/Desventajas de la dieta latina (texto)


1 I am aware that people are extremely concerned with their appearance, especially women.
2 I am aware that most watch their figure and that larger sizes are difficult to find in stores.
3 I am aware that people are more active and walk more than in the US, in large part due to the use of public transportation.
4 I am aware that taking daily leisure walks with friends or family (paseos) is very common, especially after work before heading back home.
5 I am aware that many Latin Americans often use traditional/organic remedies rather than pharmaceutical medicine.
6 I am aware that medicine is typically sold without a prescription and may be sold by the dose rather than by the package.
7 I am aware that many people in Latin America trust the pharmacist’s advice rather than paying for a doctor visit, while in Spain public health (except dental and vision) visits are typically free.
8 I am aware that many people self-prescribe their medication.
9 I am aware that health care is not managed by insurance companies
10 I am aware that major cities have major pollution issues, though environmental campaigns are growing in Latin American countries and well-established in Spain.