1 The uncertainties of life have contributed to high levels of conformity.
2 People tend not to trust each other for fear of deception.
3 Generosity is limited by the precarious economy.
4 The expression of gratitude should be direct and strong.
5 Guests must be made to feel one’s hospitality
6 It is very common to openly express opinions about what is different or strange, without worrying about the effect it may cause.
7 The level of tolerance for political and economic difficulties is very low.
8 Collaboration and kindness are negatively affected by daily struggles for survival.
9 Flexibility, especially related to time, can be negative.

Approach to Life

1 People try to stay positive in all situations, though they might complain without proposing a concrete solution.
2 In Latin America, due to a precarious economy, life is lived in the present, without obsessively planning for the future in personal or professional matters.
3 What society will accept often prevails over personal mores.
4 Happiness is judged by one’s relationships with others.
5 Initial enthusiasm and promises demonstrate a genuine interest, though the limitations of a given situation frequently diminish follow through.
6 Self-discipline is generally weak.
7 Many times others’ time or property is not respected.
8 Despite significant talent and desire, few dedicate themselves to research because low salaries force people to work in more than one place in order to cover daily expenses.
9 The lack of a world vision, often because of under education, leads to conformity.
10 Though most Hispanics are hard-working people, most of their achievements are underappreciated since their efforts are just enough to get by day to day.

Entertainment and Art

1 Hispanics are highly creative, especially in survival and daily living matters.
2 The world of art is elitist, with great respect for European art and under appreciation of indigenous works, which are viewed somewhat despectively as mere crafts.
3 The arts are rarely supported, which makes them a nearly unprofitable occupation.
4 Street art–graffiti, cuenteros, living statues–are an expression of young people’s thoughts, though they are often undervalued by society.
5 It is important to make whatever moment as pleasing as it can be, always adding the human touch.
6 Music and dance are in one’s blood, and serve a central role in any celebration.
7 Bigger celebrations, such as holidays and quinceañeras warrant big expenditures, while smaller events involve minimal budgeting.
8 You have fun when the occasion arises, without much planning and at the least expense possible.
9 Spontaneity is the mother of entertainment.



1 Laws exist on paper and are generally followed when dealing with ordinary people.
2 Legal impunity frequently overrides the judicial system, especially due to high levels of corruption.
3 There is a major disinterest in learning one’s legal rights and responsibilities due to the weakness of the judicial system.
4 Poor organization in some countries is easily observed in traffic jams and innumerable waiting lines.
5 The sense of community and collaboration is evidenced by the preponderance of cooperativas.
6 There is a significant lack of confidence in politicians, and many vote because of legal obligation rather than conviction.
7 Private property is to be watched over by its owner due to the ineffectiveness of the police system.
8 Fear of personal repercussions reduces feelings of solidarity.
9 Injustice is publicly denounced (strikes, demonstrations), and though this rarely leads to results it informs the public of the situation.


Spiritual Values

1 A significant percentage of the Hispanic population practices religion sporadically, though with great fervor, especially during religious festivities.
2 Complicated situations often give rise to moral flexibility or inconsistency.
3 As a melting pot of local and Christian beliefs, religions have incorporated many supernatural elements that can border on superstition.
4 A place has to be protected by a religious figure such as a saint, the Virgin Mary or Christ. In that place religious celebrations are held to worship its protector saint.
5 Parishioners relate to the clergy in a submissive way, offering gifts as a way to please God. However, they do not develop close relationships among themselves.
6 Due to low income, people are not expected to give money to charity, leaving churches to balance their finances by offering services to the community, such as hospitals, schools, etc
7 In spite of rapidly changing family values, most that still exist are based on the teachings of the Catholic Church.
8 Workforce demands have changed moral and religious teachings within the family, forming a generation with core values quite different from their parents’.
9 Family should teach basic personal values, and society should reinforce them.
10 The hope that the future will be better than the present is a common drive; however, one has to work for it.


1 There is a supernatural side of life which traditional science cannot explain.
2 The knowledge acquired at university has to be related to the field of work or study.
3 It is the government’s responsibility to provide educational opportunities for free or at reduced cost at all levels, though they are often highly competitive or sub par.
4 In Spanish-speaking countries knowledge is more easily received from abroad than expanded creatively, most frequently due to a lack of economic support for academia.
5 Limited opportunities for research have resulted in a massive emigration of intellectuals to first world countries.
6 Most people have practical goals in life, with little aspiration to scholarship.
7 The historical influence of religion over the state and education continues to have an impact on the content of school textbooks.
8 Most Hispanics spend their working efforts to earn wages, with which they can only afford to cover expenses for basic needs. This leaves little spending money for cultural activities.
9 Most Hispanics do not consider the concepts of autonomy and further exploration beyond classroom learning.


Social Issues

1 Democracy remains fragile because people do not believe in their representatives and, as a result, participate sporadically.
2 What comes from abroad (people and products) is viewed highly, especially if it is from Europe or the United States.
3 The economic interests of the few take precedence over the appreciation of cultural heritage, natural resources and the environment. Recently, however, there has been a strong movement to protect these values.
4 There are prejudices against ethnic tribes, black people and poor immigrants not only due to racism but also the economic conditions that these minorities have faced throughout history.
5 Social classes are tightly marked and closed, with traditional families controlling the country. However, groups of newly rich people are breaking social, cultural and educational barriers.
6 Taking care of the family is the responsibility of the individual, not of society.
7 Social mobility can be achieved by migrating to cities or other countries.
8 Getting rich quickly is viewed positively, often without regard to method.
9 The intellectual and cultural legacy is less important than the economic legacy.
10 Politics involves few people interested in improving social and economic realities.
11 Recycling is done out of necessity rather than to protect the environment.


1 Few people work on what they really enjoy; most work to cover monthly expenses.
2 A well paid job is more important than family.
3 Work is the only way to survive, thus, informal markets and factories have rapidly developed.
4 Profession, salary and social status are strongly linked, with few opportunities to overcome set patterns.
5 Current working conditions have generated previously unseen creativity and persistence.
6 Inequality between men and women still exists in the workplace at all levels, especially management. However, women are making headway in new fields.
7 Loyalty to one’s job is highly valued, on one hand because of the limited labor market and on the other making a change is not worth it unless absolutely necessary.
8 The working world is highly influenced by social relationships which overrun highly qualified candidates. Hence, it is extremely important to keep good family and professional connections.
9 Hierarchy has to be respected, that is, the decisions made cannot go beyond the responsibility held in any given position.
10 Offices are places of business, so they are rarely decorated, though their cleanliness is a priority.
11 Working conditions favor the employer.


1 Responsibility lies in carrying out commitments among friends and family.
2 Honesty, responsibility and integrity are flexible concepts, both in their interpretation and application.
3 Honesty and integrity are rooted in moral and religious values.
4 Honesty and responsibility are a response to group expectations.
5 One’s word is held in high account, as it is the basis of honesty and responsibility.
6 Men and women have different measures of what constitutes honesty and responsibility.
7 Courage is to overcome trying situations as they come, rather than to seek them out.



1 Personal independence can be seen as egotistical.
2 One’s reputation is closely tied to that of his or her name and that of the family.
3 Personal fame brings fame to the family and the community.
4 Happiness lies in personal relationships.
5 It is desirable to share work, responsibilities and outcomes with others.
6 Freedom and independence are the abilities to make decisions that positively affect others in the group.
7 The ideals of independence and freedom are softened with age.
8 Once a great achievement has been made, it becomes less important to keep improving upon it.